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Reading passage of English for competitive exams




It is an old saying that knowledge is power .Education is an instrument which imparts knowledge and, therefore ,indirectly controls power .Therefore ,ever since the dawn of civilization person in power have always tried to supervise and control education. It has been the hand –maid of the ruling class.During the Christian era,the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of the education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teaching .These gospels and teaching were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society .It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow ,while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence .During the renaissance , education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hand of the hand of the prince .In other words it become more secular. It was also due to the growth of the nation –state and powerful monarchs who united the country under their rule.Thus under the control of the monarch ,education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its master ,the monarch of king.It is also invented and supported fantastic theories like the Divine Right Theory and that the king can do no wrong etc.With the advent of the industrial revolution education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege class of the baron class but was still confined to the few elite .The philosophy which in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ strict the function of state to a mere keeping of law and order while ,on the other hand ,in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

In: English language Asked By: [10 Grey Star Level]
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